Perspective from Japan on whaling and whale meat, a spot of gourmet news, and monthly updates of whale meat stockpile statistics
IWC 62 has come and gone, and as I think most expected, the IWC was unable to come to any agreements on really controversial issues, although the Greenlanders successfully managed to get permission to strike 9 humpbacks a year for the next three.
IWC 62 documents are here
, now including several uploaded during the course of the meeting. The following are some of interest
- 62/28 Statement by H.E. Yasue Funayama, Vice-Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan, under Agenda item 3 (Japan)
- 62/30 Palau Commissioner Uherbelau's remarks
- 62/31 A proposal from the Chair on a way forward
- 62/32 Statement by the Republic of Korea
- 62/33 Statement by The Netherlands on Safety at Sea
- 62/OS GO Member Governments' Opening Statements
- 62/OS NGO NGOs Opening Statements
The Netherlands document regarding safety at sea bizarrely commences with the statement "the Netherlands remains resolute in its opposition to any type of whaling, except for aboriginal subsistence whaling
" (sic), a point that is irrelevant to issues of safety at sea, which the Netherlands itself regards as being a matter for the IMO.
The document goes on to note that the Netherlands respects the right of peaceful protest. (Don't we all.)
The Netherlands then reprimands not only Sea Shepherd but also the "Japanese whalers", despite it being obvious to anyone that Sea Shepherd is voyaging to the Antarctic for the express purpose of attacking the other vessels (with guns, lasers, glass bottles of acid, propeller foulers etc), under the flag of the Netherlands. None of this can seriously be described as "peaceful protest" by any thinking person. Furthermore, that Sea Shepherd itself frequently refuses to be called a protest organization seems to be lost on the Dutch. Or otherwise to "save face" the Dutch have simply opted to overlook this inconvenient inconsistency in their rhetoric.
Nonetheless, the Netherlands notes some excuses why they have failed to handle Sea Shepherd appropriately to date. The international community will likely be watching closely.
As for the meeting, Richard Black from the BBC has a piece here
with comments from the Japanese representative:
"Of course, if it was indeed the case that zero had to be the number for proper management of the whale stock - if it was in a critical situation - then of course Japan would agree that it had to be brought down to zero," said Ms Funuyama (sic).
"However, we do have evidence that the whale stock is sustainable if it is contained under a certain level of catch, and therefore we fail to understand why it has to be brought down to zero."
The answer given by Japan's opponents is that its fleet ought to leave the Southern Ocean not because the current level of hunting is unsustainable, but because the area has been declared a whale sanctuary.
Yet, it is the "southern ocean sanctuary", and the "moratorium" before it, which are the primary symptoms of the diseased IWC. If Japan's opponents are not arguing that the current level of hunting is unsustainable, then they have essentially conceded that the moratorium and sanctuary both lack the scientific basis that Article V of the ICRW requires they have.
The claim that Japan was to blame for failure in the talks - widely promulgated by environment groups - was dismissed by Sir Geoffrey Palmer, the former New Zealand Prime Minister who played a leading role in diplomacy here.
"I was in the middle of this, and I think that's absolutely false," he said.
"The luxury about NGO positions is they don't actually know what is going on.
"The truth of the matter is there was considerable flexibility shown on both sides - just not quite enough."
Sir Geoffrey's comments are indicative of the strategy employed by the anti-whaling nations within the whaling commission, which is something like as follows:
- The anti-whalers have the numbers to prevent the IWC from doing anything
- However the anti-whalers can not eliminate whaling entirely, because the USA for one needs whaling quotas for it's people in Alaska, and also because the whaling convention itself is not amenable to that goal (it's a whaling convention, after all)
- The anti-whalers recognise that they can best achieve their next best target of limiting whaling by never agreeing to anything with the whaling nations and their supporters ... but never going so far as to make the whaling nations and their supporters decide to quit the IWC and make arrangements by themselves. Japan is recognised to be amazingly patient and despite more than 2 decades of roughly the unsatisfactory status quo they have still not withdrawn from the whaling convention, so simply hanging an imaginary carrot out there in front of them is believed to be enough to keep them in the fold. Grudgingly permitting "indigenous subsistence whaling" (formerly "aboriginal subsistence whaling") is regarded by the anti-whalers as a "necessary evil" that must be conceded to prevent the IWC from becoming regarded as an entirely irrelevant whaling management body.
- Were the whaling nations and their supporters to ditch the IWC for an alternative arrangement that actually did what the IWC is supposed to, the anti-whalers would then simply complain about the whaling nations quitting the IWC and their domestic media would back their side of the story
Japan's government and much of it's media appear (at least on the surface) to be naive and oblivious to this reality, although many Japanese citizens understand the situation all too well.
Alternatively, perhaps the Japanese government recognises the situation, but simply hasn't been able to think of or execute a suitable counter strategy. Given the weakness of Japanese political leadership, this is very much a possibility.
The most promising opportunity that the Japanese and other whalers have is the arbitration that the whale-mad Australians have recently decided to initiate at the International Court of Justice - despite objections from legal experts in other nations such as New Zealand, but most notably the USA government.
The opportunity for Japan to have it's case assessed in a court presents a significant chance to deal a serious blow to the anti-whaling camp - presuming Australia continues to push the case to a conclusion (of which I remain very skeptical, given inter alia
US opposition to the move).
... but in the meantime, bon appetite
, fellow whale lovers!
Labels: IWC 62
As per par, all sorts of talk in the media recently in the lead up to this week's IWC meeting in Morocco.
The IWC chair and vice chair have put together a proposal that they hope would see the IWC able to remain on life support for another 10 years while more time is taken to talk through (and hopefully resolve) the dispute between the members of the International Whaling Commission that agree with the object and purpose of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, and those other members of the Whaling Commission that disagree with object and purpose of the convention, despite being adhered to it notwithstanding their right to withdraw from it, as would be the honourable option.
If it were any other international convention this would sound utterly ridiculous, but when it comes to the IWC, what sounds contradictory to the unprejudiced eyes and ears has seemingly come to sound normal and reasonable, due to the perpetuation of the situation over the years.
I can't find the URL, but I remember there is a Hansard record or something from the British parliament dated in the early 1990's, and at the time it was clear that although the British politicians weren't fans of whaling, they at least accepted that the whaling nations were not being unreasonable to expect that the whaling commission would set catch quotas for whaling as they knew fully well that that is what the IWC is supposed to do, yet these days we see even relatively reasonable governments such as that in New Zealand arguing for no whaling at all, while in the same breath talking as if they are trying to negotiate something. There is no longer a proper recognition by these nations of what the IWC came into existence for.
Anyway, my view is that the IWC meetings are a big waste of time, and nothing is going to be resolved out of them. I see more potential for a resolution through the Kevin Rudd led Australian government's decision to take Japan to court over their issuance of special permits for research whaling operations in the international waters of the Southern Ocean.
Kevin Rudd seems to be using this for politics, as his party's popularity continues to slip in the local opinion polls ahead of the year-end election campaign. However at least in the media Kevin is adamant that the Japanese research programme in the Antarctic is commercial whaling in disguise, in spite of comments from IWC Scientific Committee members to the contrary. Good examples are the repeated acknowledgements from review committees acknowledging the potential of analyses of data obtained from the Japanese research programmes to improve management (anti-whalers ignore this information because it simply doesn't help their argument). A paper from a Denmark based Age Dynamics specialist presented to the just concluded IWC Scientific Committee meeting noted at it's outset that "Analyses of the combined commercial and JARPA catch-at-age data have provided robust indication of trends in minke whale recruitment which have important implications for understanding of the population’s dynamics.
" Clearly this information exists and is relevant to the IWC Scientific Committee's work, yet rather than be commended for it's contribution in accordance with the terms of the whaling convention, Japan suffers criticism from the anti-whalers that should have withdrawn from the whaling convention years ago.
Therefore, if the Australians do push ahead with their court case even after the Rudd government loses power later this year, it has the potential to be a massive blow to the legitimacy of the anti-whaling nations' arguments if they do indeed lose the case, which to my mind seems pretty much certain. I suspect that the Japanese too will quietly be looking forward to pursuing this path if next week's IWC meeting does end in it's typical annual failure. The Japanese have in the past gathered legal advice of their own
regarding IWC issues such as the ostensibly temporary moratorium and the Southern Ocean Sanctuary. One of the issues noted at the time of that legal workshop was the difficulty that would be had finding an anti-whaling nation willing to go to the ICJ. Australia seems to have volunteered.
Anyway, a quick look at some articles that have appeared.This from AFP
Furuuchi, in his 60s, says the supply of whale meat has dropped even more this year since environmental activists managed to drastically reduce the cull through a campaign of harassment in the past Antarctic hunting season.
"Whale meat consumption is low because there is no supply, not because there is no demand," the sushi seller said. "If the meat was available and cheaper, I would actively serve it. People who want to eat whale will come."
"The best parts are sold in the fancy restaurants in the cities. We only get the less tasty parts," said Toshihiro Saito, 59, a shopkeeper working in what used to be called "Whale Road," today a largely shuttered street.
Many locals, including Furuuchi, say they would favour a proposal before the IWC this week which would legitimise Japanese commercial whaling in its coastal waters in return for a phased reduction of its Antarctic hunt.
"Coastal minkes have very tender meat," he said. "If we could hunt some 100 or 200 of them, I think demand and supply would be well balanced.
"Whaling in the Antarctic won't help revive the local economy. The frozen meat is black and hard. It just doesn't work for sushi. It's not very good."
I think the New York Times also had a piece from this town some weeks ago which drew some attention.
However these folks have got it wrong, in my view. Phasing out whaling in the Antarctic is a loser on multiple counts.
1) Were the Antarctic whaling to end, anti-whaling groups will go after the remaining targets. Anti-whalers need to continue their campaigns to sustain their own livelihoods, and they will only step up the pressure further if given a sniff. Coastal based whaling operations will become the next focal point, one way or another. Problems that are not addressed at their core will simply fester.
2) As noted in the article, whale meat supply in Japan has been lower over the past few years due to the government's failure to adequately protect the operations from illegal interference by anti-whaling groups. Were the Antarctic hunts to be scaled back further, as is suggested by the chair's proposal, as a consequence for the whale meat markets, supply will be even further constrained. Catches from coastal whaling are not likely to be so high as to compensate in terms of whale meat supplied. As such, what supply there is will go to the highest bidders and whale cuisine will become even more of a hard to come by luxury. I spoke with one whale meat dealer in Tokyo about this some time ago and he was in full agreement with me on this point.
3) If any whale species is able to sustain a harvest, it's the Antarctic minke whale. Were conservation of whale stocks at the forefront of people's minds, the IWC proposal would be to limit whaling to this species and continue protections for others that are still recovering from past exploitation. This ideal is noted in the convention itself: "... whaling operations should be confined to those species best able to sustain exploitation in order to give an interval for recovery to certain species of whales now depleted in numbers
." This is not to say that the common minke whales that the Japanese coastal whaling operations would target could not also sustain a level of harvest, but it does seem that the Antarctic minke whale has superior abundance and thus from a conservation perspective catches ought not be disproportionately balanced towards less abundant species for political expediency.
4) The frozen meat isn't as good as fresh sashimi, but it's still good enough!
Surprisingly on point 2), TVNZ
appears to concur.
... with demand for whale meat growing [in Japan], it may not have enough incentive to reduce its slice of the catch.
This proposal should not be about either side winning or losing. It's about seeing whether both sides can settle this issue down for 10 years. I think Japan will be foolish to offer to cut back quotas as far as has been proposed, but if the anti-whalers are sincere then they should accept some level of cuts.
However, ultimately the IWC proposal disregards science, disregards the international convention for the regulation of whaling (I sympathize with Korea's comments
), and is just very very political in nature.
At a time when the IWC should be unwinding some of the messy knots that have been created over the last 30 years, this is the wrong direction for things to be going, in my opinion. Until whaling regulations are based on principles and sound science we are going to continue to have disagreements.
Parties ought to be looking carefully at the convention they have signed. Some should clearly leave the IWC, rather than continue to block the IWC from it's expected functions. If this fails to happen, the rest ought reserve their own rights.
Lots more that could be said... but as I noted the IWC is a waste of time :)
Labels: IWC 62, IWC Normalization